Data is vital to any business. It helps it operate efficiently and profitably. However, businesses must balance the need for available and plentiful data with the need to ensure that customer data is kept safe and secure. The GDPR in Europe and California’s CCPA are driving this point along with long-standing law such as the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act and Securities and Exchange Commission rules that safeguard financial information of shareholders and the Payment Card Industry Data Security Standard.
The first step to ensuring data protection is to catalog and secure all your data. This involves identifying and classifying data according to its sensitivity and determining access levels. It is vital to put in place guidelines to protect data regardless of whether it’s in transit or in a state of rest. Utilizing a system that detects and monitors file activity and spot anomalous patterns can help you spot suspicious activity and quickly spot and reduce vulnerabilities, such as out-of-date software and misconfigurations.
A comprehensive plan for backup and recovery that includes physical storage media will be crucial. In the end it is vital to implement effective measures of security, from background checks for potential hires to periodic training sessions for existing employees, as well as terminating employees that no longer require access to vital systems. Additionally, it’s important to establish a disaster recovery plan to ensure that your data is protected in the event of a natural or man-made disaster.